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2019高考英语新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲

2019高考英语新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲已经公布,小编整理了相关信息,希望会对大家有所帮助!高考英语新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲考核目标与要求一、语言知识要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),要求词汇量为3500左右。二、语言运用1.听力要求考生能听懂所熟悉话题的简短独白和对话。考生应能:(1)理解主旨要义;(2)获取具体的事实性信息;(3)对

2019高考英语新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲已经公布,小编整理了相关信息,希望会对大家有所帮助! 

2019高考英语新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲插图

高考英语新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲

考核目标与要求

一、语言知识

要求考生掌握并能运用英语语音、词汇、语法基础知识以及所学功能意念和话题(见附录1至附录5),要求词汇量为3500左右。

二、语言运用

1.听力

要求考生能听懂所熟悉话题的简短独白和对话。考生应能:

(1)理解主旨要义;

(2)获取具体的事实性信息;

(3)对所听内容做出推断;

(4)理解说话者的意图、观点和态度。

2.阅读

要求考生能读懂书、报、杂志中关于一般性话题的简短文段以及公告、说明、广告等,并能从中获取相关信息。考生应能:

(1)理解主旨要义;

(2)理解文中具体信息;

(3)根据上下文推断单词和短语的含义;

(4)做出判断和推理;

(5)理解文章的基本结构;

(6)理解作者的意图、观点和态度。

3.写作

要求考生根据提示进行书面表达。考生应能:

(1)清楚、连贯地传递信息,表达意思;

(2)有效运用所学语言知识。

4.口语

要求考生根据提示进行口头表达。考生应能:

(1)询问或传递事实性信息,表达意思和想法;

(2)做到语音、语调自然;

(3)做到语言运用得体;

(4)使用有效的交际策略。

点击查看:2019高考新课标卷考试说明及考试大纲【汇总】

附录1 语音项目表

1. 基本读音

(1) 26个字母的读音

(2) 元音字母在重读音节中的读音

(3) 元音字母在轻读音节中的读音

(4) 元音字母组合在重读音节中的读音

(5) 常见的元音字母组合在轻读音节中的读音

(6) 辅音字母组合的读音

(7) 辅音连缀的读音

(8) 成节音的读音

2. 重音

(1) 单词重音

(2) 句子重音

3. 读音的变化

(1) 连读

(2) 失去爆破

(3) 弱读

(4) 同化

4. 语调与节奏

(1) 意群与停顿

(2) 语调

(3) 节奏

5. 语音、语调、重音、节奏等在口语交流中的运用

6. 朗诵和演讲中的语音技巧

7. 主要英语国家的英语语音差异

附录2 语法项目表

1. 名词

(1) 可数名词及其单复数

(2) 不可数名词

(3) 专有名词

(4) 名词所有格

2. 代词

(1) 人称代词

(2) 物主代词

(3) 反身代词

(4) 指示代词

(5) 不定代词

(6) 疑问代词

3. 数词

(1) 基数词

(2) 序数词

4. 介词和介词短语

5. 连词

6. 形容词(比较级和最高级)

7. 副词(比较级和最高级)

8. 冠词

9. 动词

(1) 动词的基本形式

(2) 系动词

(3) 及物动词和不及物动词

(4) 助动词

(5) 情态动词

10. 时态

(1) 一般现在时

(2) 一般过去时

(3) 一般将来时

(4) 现在进行时

(5) 过去进行时

(6) 过去将来时

(7) 将来进行时

(8) 现在完成时

(9) 过去完成时

(10) 现在完成进行时

11. 被动语态

12. 非谓语动词

(1) 动词不定式

(2) 动词的-ing形式

(3) 动词的-ed形式

13. 构词法

(1) 合成法

(2) 派生法

(3) 转化法

(4) 缩写和简写

14. 句子种类

(1) 陈述句

(2) 疑问句

(3) 祈使句

(4) 感叹句

15. 句子成分

(1) 主语

(2) 谓语

(3) 表语

(4) 宾语

(5) 定语

(6) 状语

(7) 补语

16. 简单句的基本句型

17. 主谓一致

18. 并列复合句

19. 主从复合句

(1) 宾语从句

(2) 状语从句

(3) 定语从句

(4) 主语从句

(5) 表语从句

20. 间接引语

21. 省略

22. 倒装

23. 强调

24. 虚拟语气

附录3 功能意念项目表

1. 社会交往 (Social Communications)

(1) 问候 (Greetings)

(2) 介绍 (Introduction)

(3) 告别 (Farewells )

(4) 感谢 (Thanks )

(5) 道歉 (Apologies)

(6) 邀请 (Invitation)

(7) 请求允许 (Asking for permission)

(8) 祝愿和祝贺 (Expressing wishes and congratulations)

(9) 提供帮助 (Offering help)

(10) 接受和拒绝 (Acceptance and refusal)

(11) 约会 (Making appointments)

(12) 打电话 (Making telephone calls)

(13) 就餐 (Having meals)

(14) 就医 (Seeing the doctor)

(15) 购物 (Shopping)

(16) 问路 (Asking the way)

(17) 谈论天气 (Talking about weather)

(18) 语言交际困难 (Language difficulties in communication)

(19) 提醒注意 (Reminding)

(20) 警告和禁止 (Warning and prohibition)

(21) 劝告 (Advice)

(22) 建议 (Suggestions)

2. 态度 (Attitudes)

(23) 同意和不同意 (Agreement and disagreement)

(24) 喜欢和不喜欢 (Likes and dislikes)

(25) 肯定和不肯定 (Certainty and uncertainty)

(26) 可能和不可能 (Possibility and impossibility)

(27) 能够和不能够 (Ability and inability)

(28) 偏爱和优先选择 (Preference)

(29) 意愿和打算 (Intentions and plans)

(30) 希望和愿望 (Hopes and wishes)

(31) 表扬和鼓励 (Praise and encouragement)

(32) 责备和抱怨 (Blame and complaint)

(33) 冷淡 (Indifference)

(34) 判断与评价 (Judgement and evaluation)

3. 情感 (Emotions)

(35) 高兴 (Happiness)

(36) 惊奇 (Surprise)

(37) 忧虑 (Worries)

(38) 安慰 (Reassurance)

(39) 满意 (Satisfaction)

(40) 遗憾 (Regret)

(41) 同情 (Sympathy)

(42) 恐惧 (Fear)

(43) 愤怒 (Anger)

4. 时间 (Time)

(44) 时刻 (Point of time)

(45) 时段 (Duration)

(46) 频度 (Frequency)

(47) 时序 (Sequence)

5. 空间 (Space)

(48) 位置 (Position)

(49) 方向 (Direction)

(50) 距离 (Distance)

6. 存在 (Existence)

(51) 存在与不存在 (Existence and Non-existence)

7. 特征 (Features)

(52) 形状 (Shape)

(53) 颜色 (Colour)

(54) 材料 (Material)

(55) 价格 (Price)

(56) 规格 (Size)

(57) 年龄 (Age)

8. 计量 (Measurement)

(58) 长度 (Length)

(59) 宽度 (Width)

(60) 高度 (Height)

(61) 数量 (Number)

9. 比较 (Comparison)

(62) 同级比较 (Equal comparison)

(63) 差别比较 (Comparative and superlative)

(64) 相似和差别 (Similarity and difference)

10. 逻辑关系 (Logical relations)

(65) 原因和结果 (Cause and effect)

(66) 目的 (Purpose)

11. 职业 (Occupations)

(67) 工作 (Jobs)

(68) 单位 (Employer)

10

附录4 话题项目表

1. 个人情况 (Personal information)

2. 家庭、朋友与周围的人 (Family, friends and people around)

3. 周围的环境 (Personal environments)

4. 日常活动 (Daily routines)

5. 学校生活 (School life)

6. 兴趣与爱好 (Interests and hobbies)

7. 个人感情 (Emotions)

8. 人际关系 (Interpersonal relationships)

9. 计划与愿望 (Plans and intentions)

10. 节假日活动 (Festivals, holidays and celebrations)

11. 购物 (Shopping)

12. 饮食 (Food and drink)

13. 健康 (Health)

14. 天气 (Weather)

15. 文娱与体育 (Entertainment and sports)

16. 旅游和交通 (Travel and transport)

17. 语言学习 (Language learning)

18. 自然 (Nature)

19. 世界与环境 (The world and the environment)

20. 科普知识与现代技术 (Popular science and modern technology)

21. 热点话题 (Topical issues)

22. 历史与地理 (History and geography)

23. 社会 (Society)

24. 文学与艺术 (Literature and art)

附录5 词汇表

A

a(an) art

abandon v

ability n

able a

abnormal a

aboard prep

abolish v

abortion n

about ad & prep

above prep,a & ad

abroad ad

abrupt a

absence n

absent a

absolute a

absorb v

abstract a & n

absurd a

abundant a

abuse v

academic a & n

academy n

accelerate v

accent n

accept v

access n & v

accessible a

accident n

accommodation n

accompany v

accomplish v

account n

accountant n

accumulate v

accuracy n

accurate a

accuse v

accustomed a

ache v & n

achieve v

achievement n

acid a

acknowledge v

acquaintance n

acquire v

acquisition n

acre n

across prep

act n & v

action n

active a

activity n

actor n

actress n

actual a

acute a

AD abbr

ad=advertisement n

adapt v

adaptation n

add v

addicted a

addition n

address n

adequate a

adjust v

adjustment n

administration n

admirable a

admire v

admission n

admit v

adolescence n

adolescent a & n

adopt v

adore v

adult n

advance v & n

advantage n

adventure n

advertise v

advertisement n

advice n

advise v

advocate v

affair n

affect v

affection n

afford v

afraid a

Africa n

African a & n

after ad,prep & conj

afternoon n

afterward(s) ad

again ad

against prep

age n

agency n

agenda n

agent n

aggressive a

ago ad

agree v

agreement n

agricultural a

agriculture n

ahead ad

aid n & v

AIDS n

aim n & v

air n

aircraft n

airline n

airmail n

airplane n

airport n

airspace n

alarm n & v

album n

alcohol n

alcoholic a & n

algebra n

alike ad

alive a

all ad,a & pron

allergic a

alley n

allocate v

allow v

allowance n

almost ad

alone a

along ad & prep

alongside ad

aloud ad

alphabet n

already ad

also ad

alternative a

although conj

altitude n

altogether ad

aluminium

(Am aluminum) n

always ad

am v(be)

a.m./am,A.M./AM abbr

amateur a

amaze v

amazing a

ambassador n

ambassadress n

ambiguous a

ambition n

ambulance n

America n

among prep

amount n & v

ample a

amuse v

amusement n

analyse v

analysis n

ancestor n

anchor v & n

ancient a

and conj

anecdote n

anger n

angle n

angry a

animal n

ankle n

anniversary n

announce v

annoy v

annual a

another a & pron

answer n & v

ant n

Antarctic a

antique n

anxiety n

anxious a

any pron & a

anybody pron

anyhow ad

anyone pron

anything pron

anyway ad

anywhere ad

apart ad & a

apartment n

apologize v

apology n

apparent a

appeal v & n

appear v

appearance n

appendix n

appetite n

applaud v & n

apple n

applicant n

application n

apply v

appoint v

appointment n

appreciate v

appreciation n

approach n & v

appropriate a

approval n

approve v

approximately ad

apron n

arbitrary a

arch n

architect n

architecture n

Arctic a

are v(be)

area n

argue v

argument n

arise(arose,arisen) v

arithmetic n

arm n & v

armchair n

army n

around ad & prep

arrange v

arrangement n

arrest v

arrival n

arrive v

arrow n

art n

article n

artificial a

artist n

as ad,conj & prep

ash n

ashamed a

Asia n

Asian a & n

aside ad

ask v

asleep a

aspect n

assess v

assessment n

assist v

assistance n

assistant n

associate v

association n

assume v

assumption n

astonish v

astronaut n

astronomer n

astronomy n

at prep

athlete n

athletic a

Atlantic a

atmosphere n

atom n

attach v

attack v & n

attain v

attempt v & n

attend v

attention n

attitude n

attract v

attraction n

attractive a

audience n

aunt n

authentic a

author n

authority n

automatic a

autonomous a

autumn n

available a

avenue n

average a & n

avoid v

awake(awoke,awoken) v & a

award n

aware a

away ad

awesome a

awful a

awkward a

B

baby n

bachelor n

back ad,a & n

background n

backward(s) ad

bacon n

bacterium(pl bacteria) n

bad(worse,worst) a

badminton n

bag n

baggage n

bakery n

balance n

balcony n

ball n

ballet n

balloon n

bamboo n

ban n & v

banana n

band n

bandage n

bank n

bar n

barbecue n

barber n

barbershop n

bare a

bargain n & v

bark v & n

barrier n

base n

baseball n

basement n

basic a

basin n

basis n

basket n

basketball n

bat n

bath n

bathe v

bathroom n

bathtub n

battery n

battle n

bay n

BC abbr

be(am,is,are,was,

were,being,been) v

beach n

bean n

bean curd n

bear1 n

bear2 v

beard n

beast n

beat(beat,beaten) v & n

beautiful a

beauty n

because conj

become(became,become) v

bed n

beddings n

bedroom n

bee n

beef n

beer n

before prep,ad&conj

beg v

begin(began,begun) v

behalf n

behave v

behaviour(Am behavior) n

behind prep & ad

being n

belief n

believe v

bell n

belly n

belong v

below prep

belt n

bench n

bend(bent,bent) v

beneath prep

beneficial a

benefit n & v

bent a & n

beside prep

besides prep & ad

betray v

between prep

beyond prep

bicycle n

bid v & n

big a

bike=bicycle n

bill n

bingo n

biochemistry n

biography n

biology n

bird n

birth n

birthday n

birthplace n

biscuit n

bishop n

bit n

bite(bit,bitten) v

bitter a

black a & n

blackboard n

blame n & v

blank n & a

blanket n

bleed v

bless v

blind a

block n & v

blood n

blouse n

blow(blew,blown) v

blue n & a

board n & v

boat n

body n

boil v

bomb n & v

bond n & v

bone n

bonus n

book n & v

boom n & v

boot n

booth n

border n

bored a

boring a

born a

borrow v

boss n

botanical a

botany n

both a & pron

bother v

bottle n

bottom n

bounce v

bound a

boundary n

bow v & n

bowl n

bowling n

box n

boxing n

boy n

boycott v

brain n

brake n & v

branch n

brand n

brave a

bravery n

bread n

break(broke,broken) v & n

breakfast n

breakthrough n

breast n

breath n

breathe v

breathless a

brewery n

brick n

bride n

bridegroom n

bridge n

brief a

bright a

brilliant a

bring(brought,brought) v

broad a

broadcast(broadcast,

broadcast或-ed,-ed) v

brochure n

broken a

broom n

brother n

brown n & a

brunch n

brush v & n

Buddhism n

budget n

buffet n

build(built,built) v

building n

bunch n

bungalow n

burden n

bureaucratic a

burglar n

burn(burnt,burnt

或-ed,-ed) v & n

burst v

bury v

bus n

bush n

business n

businessman/woman

(pl businessmen/ women) n

busy a

but conj & prep

butcher n & v

butter n

butterfly n

button n & v

buy(bought,bought) v

by prep

bye int

C

cab n

cabbage n

cafe n

cafeteria n

cage n

cake n

calculate v

call n & v

calm a & v

camel n

camera n

camp n & v

campaign n

can1(could);

can’t=cannot modal v

can2 n

canal n

cancel v

cancer n

candidate n

candle n

candy n

canteen n

cap n

capital n

capsule n

captain n

caption n

car n

carbon n

card n

care n & v

careful a

careless a

carpenter n

carpet n

carriage n

carrier n

carrot n

carry v

cartoon n

carve v

case n

cash n & v

cassette n

cast(cast,cast) v

castle n

casual a

cat n

catalogue n

catastrophe n

catch(caught,caught) v

category n

cater v

Catholic a

cattle n

cause n & v

caution n

cautious a

cave n

CD=compact disk n

ceiling n

celebrate v

celebration n

cell n

cent n

centigrade a

centimetre

(Am centimeter) n

central a

centre(Am center) n

century n

ceremony n

certain a

certificate n

chain n

chair n

chairman/woman

(pl chairmen/women) n

chalk n

challenge n

challenging a

champion n

chance n

change n & v

changeable a

channel n

chant v & n

chaos n

chapter n

character n

characteristic a & n

charge v & n

chart n

chat n & v

cheap a

cheat n & v

check n & v

cheek n

cheer n & v

cheerful a

cheers int

cheese n

chef n

chemical a & n

chemist n

chemistry n

cheque(Am check) n

chess n

chest n

chew v

chicken n

chief a & n

child(pl children) n

childhood n

chocolate n

choice n

choir n

choke n & v

choose(chose,chosen) v

chopsticks n

chorus n

Christian n

Christmas n

church n

cigar n

cigarette n

cinema n

circle n & v

circuit n

circulate v

circumstance n

circus n

citizen n

city n

civil a

civilian n

civilization n

clap v

clarify v

class n

classic a

classify v

classmate n

classroom n

claw n

clay n

clean v & a

cleaner n

clear a

clerk n

clever a

click v

climate n

climb v

clinic n

clock n

clone v

close a & ad

cloth n

clothes n

clothing n

cloud n

cloudy a

club n

clumsy a

coach n

coal n

coast n

coat n

cocoa n

coffee n

coin n

coincidence n

coke n

cold a & n

collar n

colleague n

collect v

collection n

college n

collision n

colour(Am color) n & v

comb n & v

combine v

come(came,come) v

comedy n

comfort n

comfortable a

command n & v

comment n

commercial a

commit v

commitment n

committee n

common a

communicate v

communication n

communism n

communist n & a

companion n

company n

compare v

compass n

compensate v

compete v

competence n

competition n

complete a & v

complex a & n

component n

composition n

comprehension n

compromise v

compulsory a

computer n

concentrate v

concept n

concern v & n

concert n

conclude v

conclusion n

concrete a

condemn v

condition n

conduct v

conductor n

conference n

confident a

confidential a

confirm v

conflict n

confuse v

congratulate v

congratulation n

connect v

connection n

conscience n

consensus n

consequence n

conservation n

conservative a

consider v

considerate a

consideration n

consist v

consistent a

constant a

constitution n

construct v

construction n

consult v

consultant n

consume v

contain v

container n

contemporary a

content1 n

content2 a

continent n

continue v

contradict v

contradictory a

contrary n & a

contribute v

contribution n

control v & n

controversial a

convenience n

convenient a

conventional a

conversation n

convey v

convince v

cook n & v

cooker n

cookie n

cool a

copy n & v

corn n

corner n

corporation n

correct v & a

correction n

correspond v

corrupt a & v

cost n & v

cosy(Am cozy) a

cottage n

cotton n & a

cough n & v

could modal v

count v

counter n

country n

countryside n

couple n

courage n

course n

court n

courtyard n

cousin n

cover n & v

cow n

crash v & n

crayon n

crazy a

cream n

create v

creature n

credit n

crew n

crime n

criminal n

criterion(pl criteria) n

crop n

cross n & v

crossing n

crossroads n

crowd n & v

cruel a

cry n & v

cube n

cubic a

cuisine n

culture n

cup n

cupboard n

cure n & v

curious a

currency n

curriculum n

curtain n

cushion n

custom n

customer n

customs n

cut(cut,cut) v & n

cycle v

cyclist n

D

dad=daddy n

daily a,ad & n

dam n

damage n & v

damp a & n

dance n & v

danger n

dangerous a

dare v & modal v

dark a & n

darkness n

dash v & n

data n

database n

date n & v

daughter n

dawn n

day n

dead a

deadline n

deaf a

deal n

dear a

death n

debate n & v

debt n

decade n

decide v

decision n

declare v

decline v

decorate v

decoration n

decrease v

deed n

deep a & ad

deer n

defeat v

defence(Am defense) n

defend v

degree n

delay n & v

delete v & n

deliberately ad

delicate a

delicious a

delight n

delighted a

deliver v

demand v

dentist n

department(Dept.) n

departure n

depend v

deposit v & n

depth n

describe v

description n

desert v & n

deserve v

design v & n

desire v & n

desk n

desperate a

dessert n

destination n

destroy v

detective n

determine v

develop v

development n

devote v

devotion n

diagram n

dial v

dialogue(Am dialog) n

diamond n

diary n

dictation n

dictionary n

die v

diet n

differ v

difference n

different a

difficult a

difficulty n

dig(dug,dug) v

digest v

digital a

dignity n

dilemma n

dimension n

dinner n

dinosaur n

dioxide n

dip v

diploma n

direct a & v

direction n

director n

directory n

dirty a

disability n

disabled a

disadvantage n

disagree v

disagreement n

disappear v

disappoint v

disappointed a

disaster n

discount n

discourage v

discover v

discovery n

discrimination n

discuss v

discussion n

disease n

disgusting a

dish n

disk=disc n

dislike v

dismiss v

distance n

distant a

distinction n

distinguish v

distribute v

district n

disturb v

disturbing a

dive v

diverse a

divide v

division n

divorce v

dizzy a

do(did,done) v

doctor n

document n

dog n

doll n

dollar n

donate v

door n

dormitory(dorm) n

dot n

double a & n

doubt n & v

down prep & ad

download n & v

downstairs ad

downtown ad,n & a

dozen n

Dr=doctor n

draft n & v

drag v

draw(drew,drawn) v

drawback n

drawer n

dream(dreamt,dreamt

或-ed,-ed) n & v

dress n & v

drill n & v

drink(drank,drunk) v

drive(drove,driven) v

driver n

drop n & v

drug n

drum n

drunk a

dry v & a

duck n

due a

dull a

dumpling n

during prep

dusk n

dust n

dustbin n

dusty a

duty n

DVD=digital versatile disk n

dynamic a

dynasty n

E

each a & pron

eager a

eagle n

ear n

early a & ad

earn v

earth n

earthquake n

east a,ad & n

Easter n

eastern a

easy a

eat(ate,eaten) v

ecology n

edge n

edition n

editor n

educate v

education n

educator n

effect n

effort n

egg n

eggplant n

either a,conj & ad

elder n

elect v

electric a

electrical a

electricity n

electronic a

elegant a

elephant n

else ad

e-mail n & v

embarrass v

embassy n

emergency n

emperor n

employ v

empty a

encourage v

encouragement n

end n & v

ending n

endless a

enemy n

energetic a

energy n

engine n

engineer n

enjoy v

enjoyable a

enlarge v

enough pron,a & ad

enquiry n

enter v

enterprise n

entertainment n

enthusiastic a

entire a

entrance n

entry n

envelope n

environment n

envy v & n

equal a & v

equality n

equip v

equipment n

eraser n

error n

erupt v

escape n & v

especially ad

essay n

Europe n

European a & n

evaluate v

even ad

evening n

event n

eventually ad

ever ad

every a

everybody pron

everyday a

everyone pron

everything pron

everywhere ad

evidence n

evident a

evolution n

exact a

exam=examination n

examine v

example n

excellent a

except prep

exchange n & v

excite v

excuse n & v

exercise n & v

exhibition n

exist v

existence n

exit n

expand v

expect v

expectation n

expense n

expensive a

experience n

experiment n

expert n

explain v

explanation n

explicit a

explode v

explore v

export n & v

expose v

express v & n

expression n

extension n

extra a

extraordinary a

extreme a

eye n

eyesight n

F

face n & v

facial a

fact n

factory n

fade v

fail v & n

failure n

fair1 a

fair2 n

faith n

fall1(fell,fallen) v

fall2(Am)=autumn n

false a

familiar a

family n

famous a

fan n

fancy n,v & a

fantastic a

fantasy n

far(farther,farthest

或further,furthest) a & ad

fare n

farm n

farmer n

fast a & ad

fasten v

fat n & a

father n

fault n

favour(Am favor) n

favourite(Am favorite) a & n

fax n & v

fear n

feast n

feather n

federal a

fee n

feed(fed,fed) v

feel(felt,felt) v

feeling n

fellow n

female a & n

fence n

ferry n

festival n & a

fetch v

fever n

few pron & a

fibre(Am fiber) n

fiction n

field n

fierce a

fight(fought,fought) n & v

figure n & v

file n

fill v

film n & v

final a

finance n

find(found,found) v

fine1 a

fine2 v

finger n

fingernail n

finish v & n

fire n & v

fireworks n

firm1 n

firm2 a

fish n & v

fisherman n

fist n

fit a & v

fix v

flag n

flame n

flash n

flashlight n

flat1 a

flat2 n

flee(fled,fled) v

flesh n

flexible a

flight n

float v

flood n & v

floor n

flour n

flow v

flower n

flu n

fluency n

fluent a

fly1(flew,flown) v

fly2 n

focus v & n

fog n

foggy a

fold v

folk n & a

follow v

fond a

food n

fool n & v

foolish a

foot(pl feet) n

football n

for prep & conj

forbid(forbade,forbidden) v

force v

forecast n & v

forehead n

foreign a

foreigner n

foresee(foresaw,foreseen) v

forest n

forever ad

forget(forgot,forgot/forgotten) v

forgetful a

forgive(forgave,forgiven) v

fork n

form n & v

format n

former a

fortnight n

fortunate a

fortune n

forward ad

foster v

found v

fountain n

fox n

fragile a

fragrant a

framework n

franc n

free a

freedom n

freeway n

freeze(froze,frozen) v

freezing a

frequent a

fresh a

friction n

fridge=refrigerator n

friend n

friendly a

friendship n

frighten v

frog n

from prep

front a & n

frontier n

frost n

fruit n

fry v

fuel n

full a

fun n & a

function n & v

fundamental a

funeral n

funny a

fur n

furnished a

furniture n

future n

G

gain v

gallery n

gallon n

33

game n

garage n

garbage n

garden n

garlic n

garment n

gas n

gate n

gather v

gay a

general a & n

generation n

generous a

gentle a

gentleman n

geography n

geometry n

gesture n

get(got,got) v

gift n

gifted a

giraffe n

girl n

give(gave,given) v

glad a

glance v

glare v

glass n

globe n

glory n

glove n

glue n

go(went,gone) v

goal n

goat n

god n

gold n & a

golden a

golf n

good(better,best) a

goods n

goose(pl geese) n

govern v

government n

grade n

gradual a

graduate v

graduation n

grain n

gram n

grammar n

grand a

grandchild n

granddaughter n

grandma=grandmother n

grandpa=grandfather n

grandparents n

grandson n

granny n

grape n

graph n

grasp v

grass n

grateful a

gravity n

great a & ad

greedy a

green a & n

greengrocer n

greet v

greeting n

grey(Am gray) a

grill n

grocer n

grocery n

ground n

group n

grow(grew,grown) v

growth n

guarantee v

guard n

guess v

guest n

guidance n

guide n

guilty a

guitar n

gun n

gym=gymnasium n

gymnastics n

H

habit n

hair n

haircut n

half a & n

hall n

ham n

hamburger n

hammer n

hand n & v

handbag n

handful n

handkerchief n

handle n & v

handsome a

handwriting n

handy a

hang(hung,hung或-ed,-ed) v

happen v

happiness n

happy a

harbour(Am harbor) n

hard ad & a

hardly ad

hardship n

hardworking a

harm n & v

harmful a

harmony n

harvest n & v

hat n

hatch v

hate v & n

have(has,had,had) v

he pron

head n & v

headache n

headline n

headmaster n

headmistress n

health n

healthy a

hear(heard,heard) v

hearing n

heart n

heat n

heaven n

heavy a

heel n

height n

helicopter n

hello int

helmet n

help n & v

helpful a

hen n

her pron

herb n

here ad

hero n

hers pron

herself pron

hesitate v

hi int

hide(hid,hidden) v

high a & ad

highway n

hill n

him pron

himself pron

hire v

his pron

history n

hit(hit,hit) v & n

hobby n

hold(held,held) v

hole n

holiday n

holy a

home n & ad

homeland n

hometown n

homework n

honest a

honey n

honour(Am honor) n & v

hook n & v

hope n & v

hopeful a

hopeless a

horrible a

horse n

hospital n

host n & v

hostess n

hot a

hotdog n

hotel n

hour n

house n

housewife n

housework n

how ad

however ad & conj

howl v

hug v

huge a

human a & n

human being n

humorous a

humour(Am humor) n

hunger n

hungry a

hunt v

hunter n

hurricane n

hurry v

hurt(hurt,hurt) v

husband n

hydrogen n

I

I pron

ice n

ice-cream n

idea n

identification n

identity n

idiom n

if conj

ignore v

ill a

illegal a

illness n

imagine v

immediately ad

immigration n

import v & n

importance n

important a

impossible a

impress v

impression n

improve v

in prep & ad

inch n

incident n

include v

income n

increase v & n

indeed a

independence n

independent a

indicate v

industry n

influence n & v

inform v

information n

initial a

injure v

injury n

ink n

inn n

innocent a

insect n

insert v

inside prep & ad

insist v

inspect v

inspire v

instant a

instead ad

institute n

institution n

instruct v

instruction n

instrument n

insurance n

insure v

intelligence n

intend v

intention n

interest n

interesting a

international a

Internet n

interpreter n

interrupt v

interval n

interview n & v

into prep

introduce v

introduction n

invent v

invention n

invitation n

invite v

iron n & v

irrigation n

is v(be)

island n

it pron

its pron

itself pron

J

jacket n

jam n

jar n

jaw n

jazz n

jeans n

jeep n

jet n

jewellery(Am jewelry) n

job n

jog v

join v

joke n

38

journalist n

journey n

joy n

judge n & v

judgement

(Am judgment) n

juice n

jump n & v

jungle n

junior a

just a & ad

justice n

K

kangaroo n

keep(kept,kept) v

kettle n

key n

keyboard n

kick v & n

kid n

kill v

kilo n

kilogram n

kilometre(Am kilometer) n

kind1 n

kind2 a

kindergarten n

kindness n

king n

kingdom n

kiss n & v

kitchen n

kite n

knee n

knife(pl knives) n

knock n & v

know(knew,known) v

knowledge n

L

lab=laboratory n

labour(Am labor) n

lack n & v

lady n

lake n

lamb n

lame a

lamp n

land n & v

language n

lantern n

lap n

large a

last a & v

late a & ad

latter n

laugh n & v

laughter n

laundry n

law n

lawyer n

lay(laid,laid) v

lazy a

lead(led,led) v & n

leader n

leaf(pl leaves) n

league n

leak v

learn(learnt,learnt

或-ed,-ed) v

least n

leather n

leave(left,left) v

lecture n

left a,ad & n

leg n

legal a

lemon n & a

lemonade n

lend(lent,lent) v

length n

lesson n

let(let,let) v

letter n

level n

liberation n

liberty n

librarian n

library n

license n

lid n

lie1 n & v

lie2(lay,lain) v

life(pl lives) n

lift v & n

light n,v & a

lightning n

like v & prep

likely a

limit v

line n & v

link v & n

lion n

lip n

liquid n & a

list n & v

listen v

literature n

literary a

litre(Am liter) n

litter v

little(less,least) a

live v & a

lively a

load n

loaf n

local a

lock n & v

lonely a

long a & ad

look n & v

loose a

lorry n

lose(lost,lost) v

loss n

lot n

loud a

lounge n

love n & v

lovely a

low a & ad

luck n

lucky a

luggage n

lunch n

lung n

M

machine n

mad a

madam/madame n

magazine n

magic a

maid n

mail n & v

mailbox n

main a

mainland n

major a

majority n

make1 n

make2(made,made) v

male a & n

man(pl men) n

manage v

manager n

mankind n

manner n

many(more,most) pron & a

map n

maple n

marathon n

marble n

march n & v

mark n & v

market n

marriage n

marry v

mask n & v

mass n

master v & n

mat n

match v & n

material n

mathematics

=math/maths n

matter n & v

mature a

maximum a & n

may modal v

maybe ad

me pron

meal n

mean(meant,meant) v

meaning n

means n

meanwhile ad

measure v

meat n

medal n

media n

medical a

medicine n

medium n

meet(met,met) v & n

meeting n

melon n

member n

memorial n & a

memory n

mend v

mental a

mention n & v

menu n

merchant a & n

merciful a

mercy n

merely ad

merry a

mess n

message n

messy a

metal n & a

method n

metre(Am meter) n

microscope n

microwave n

middle n

midnight n

might modal v

mild a

mile n

milk n & v

millimetre

(Am millimeter) n

millionaire n

mind n & v

mine1 n & v

mine2 pron

mineral n

minibus n

minimum a

minister n

ministry n

minority n

minus prep & a

minute n

mirror n

miss1 n

miss2 v

missile n

mist n

mistake

(mistook,mistaken) v & n

mistaken a

misunderstand

(misunderstood,misunderstood) v

mix v

mixture n

mobile a

model n

modem n

modern a

modest a

mom=mum n

moment n

mommy=mummy n

money n

monitor n

monkey n

month n

monument n

moon n

mop n & v

moral a & n

more(much,many) a,ad & n

morning n

Moslem n

mosquito n

most a & ad

mother n

motherland n

motivation n

motor n

motorcycle n

motto n

mountain n

mountainous a

mourn v

mouse(pl mice) n

moustache n

mouth n

move v

movement n

movie n

Mr.(mister) n

Mrs.(mistress) n

Ms. n

much a & ad

mud n

muddy a

multiply v

murder v

museum n

mushroom n

music n

musical a & n

musician n

must modal v

mustard n

mutton n

my pron

myself pron

N

nail n

name n & v

narrow a

nation n

national a

nationality n

nationwide ad

native a

natural a

nature n

navy n

near a,ad & prep

nearby a

nearly ad

neat a

necessary a

neck n

necklace n

need n & modal v

needle n

negotiate v

neighbour(Am neighbor) n

neighbourhood

(Am neighborhood) n

neither a

nephew n

nervous a

nest n

net n

network n

never ad

new a

news n

newspaper n

next a & ad

nice a

niece n

night n

no ad & a

No.=number n

noble a

nobody n & pron

nod v

noise n

noisy a

none pron

noodle n

noon n

nor conj

normal n & a

north a,ad & n

northeast n

northern a

northwest n

nose n

not ad

note n & v

notebook n

nothing pron,n & a

notice n & v

novel n

novelist n

now ad

nowadays ad

nowhere ad

nuclear a

numb a

number n

nurse n

nursery n

nut n

nutrition n

O

obey v

object n

observe v

obtain v

obvious a

occupation n

occupy v

occur v

ocean n

Oceania n

o’clock n

of prep

off prep & ad

offence n

offer n & v

office n

officer n

official n & a

offshore a

often ad

oh int

oil n & v

oilfield n

O.K. ad

old a

Olympic(s) a & n

on prep & ad

once n,ad & conj

one pron

oneself pron

onion n

only a & ad

onto prep

open a & v

opening n

opera n

operate v

operation n

operator n

opinion n

oppose v

opposite n & a

optimistic a

optional a

or conj

oral a

orange n & a

orbit n

order n & v

ordinary a

organ n

organise(Am organize) v

organisation

(Am organization) n

origin n

other pron & a

otherwise ad

ought modal v

our pron

ours pron

ourselves pron

out ad

outcome n

outdoors ad

outer a

outgoing a

outing n

outline n

output n

outside n,ad & prep

outspoken a

outstanding a

outward(s) ad

oval n & ad

over prep & ad

overcoat n

overcome v

overhead a

overlook v

overweight a

owe v

own a & v

owner n

ownership n

ox(pl oxen) n

oxygen n

P

pace n

Pacific a

pack n & v

package n

packet n

paddle n

page n

pain n

painful a

paint n & v

painter n

painting n

pair n

palace n

pale a

pan n

pancake n

panda n

panic a & v

paper n

paperwork n

paragraph n

parallel a & n

parcel n

pardon n

parent n

park1 n

park2 v

parking n

parrot n

part n,a & v

participate v

particular a

partly ad

partner n

part-time a & ad

party n

pass v

passage n

passenger n

passer-by n

passive a

passport n

past ad,n & prep

patent n

path n

patience n

patient1 n

patient2 a

pattern n

pause n & v

pavement n

pay(paid,paid) v & n

P.C.=personal computer n

P.E.=physical education n

pea n

peace n

peaceful a

peach n

pear n

pedestrian n

pen n

pence n

pencil n

penny n

pension n

people n

pepper n

per prep

percent n

percentage n

perfect a

perform v

performance n

performer n

perfume n

perhaps ad

period n

permanent a

permission n

permit v & n

person n

personal a

personnel n

personally ad

persuade v

pest n

pet n

petrol n

phenomenon

(pl phenomena) n

phone = telephone n & v

photo = photograph n

photograph n

photographer n

phrase n

physical a

physician n

physicist n

physics n

pianist n

piano n

pick v

picnic n & v

picture n

pie n

piece n

pig n

pile n

pill n

pillow n

pilot n

pin n & v

pine n

pineapple n

ping-pong n

pink a & n

pint n

pioneer n

pipe n

pity n

place n & v

plain a

plan n & v

plane n

planet n

plant v & n

plastic a

plate n

platform n

play v & n

playground n

pleasant a

please v

pleased a

pleasure n

plenty n

plot v & n

plug n

plus v & prep

p.m./pm,P.M./PM abbr

pocket n

poem n

poet n

point v & n

poison n

poisonous a

pole n

police n

policeman/woman

(pl policemen/policewomen) n

policy n

polish v

polite a

political a

politician n

politics n

pollute v

pollution n

pond n

pool n

poor a

pop = popular a

popcorn n

popular a

population n

pork n

porridge n

port n

portable a

porter n

position n

positive a

possess v

possession n

possibility n

possible a

post1 n

post2 v & n

postage n

postcard n

postcode n

poster n

postman(pl postmen) n

postpone v

pot n

potato n

potential a

pound n

pour v

powder n

power n

powerful a

practical a

practice n & v

practise(Am practice) v

praise n & v

pray v

prayer n

precious a

precise a

predict v

prefer v

preference n

pregnant a

prejudice n

premier n

preparation n

prepare v

prescription n

present1 a & v

present2 n

presentation n

preserve v

president n

press1 v

press2 n

pressure n

pretend v

pretty a

prevent v

preview v

previous a

price n

pride n

primary a

primitive a

principle n

print v

prison n

prisoner n

private a

privilege n

prize n

probably ad

problem n

procedure n

process n & v

produce v

product n

production n

profession n

professor n

profit n

programme(Am program) n

progress n & v

prohibit v

project n

promise n & v

promote v

pronounce v

pronunciation n

proper a

properly ad

protect v

protection n

proud a

prove v

provide v

province n

psychology n

pub n

public a & n

publish v

pull v & n

pulse n

pump v

punctual a

punctuation n

punish v

punishment n

pupil n

purchase v

pure a

purple n & a

purpose n

purse n

push n & v

put(put,put) v

puzzle n

pyramid n

Q

quake n & v

qualification n

quality n

quantity n

quarrel v & n

quarter n

queen n

question v & n

questionnaire n

queue n & v

quick a & ad

quiet a

quilt n

quit v

quite ad

quiz n

R

rabbit n

race v & n

racial a

radiation n

radio n

radioactive a

radium n

rag n

rail n

railway n

rain n & v

rainbow n

raincoat n

rainfall n

rainy a

raise v

random a

range n & v

rank n

rapid a

rare a

rat n

rate n & v

rather ad

raw a

ray n

razor n

reach v

react v

read(read,read) v

reading n

ready a

real a

realise(Am realize) v

reality n

really ad

reason v & n

reasonable a

rebuild(rebuilt,rebuilt) v

receipt n

receive v

receiver n

recent a

reception n

receptionist n

recipe n

recite v

recognize(Am recognize) v

recommend v

record n & v

recorder n

recover v

recreation n

rectangle n & a

recycle v

red n & a

reduce v

refer v

referee n

reference n

reflect v

reform v & n

refresh v

refrigerator n

refuse v

regard v & n

regardless a

register n & v

regret n & v

regular a

regulation n

reject v

relate v

relation n

relationship n

relative n

relax v

relay n & v

relevant a

reliable a

relief n

religion n

religious a

rely v

remain v

remark n

remember v

remind v

remote a

remove v

rent n & v

repair n & v

repeat v

replace v

reply n & v

report n & v

reporter n

represent v

representative n

republic n

reputation n

request n

require v

requirement n

rescue v

research n

resemble v

reservation n

reserve n & v

resign v

resist v

respect v & n

respond v

responsibility n

rest n & v

restaurant n

restriction n

result n

retell v

retire v

return v

review v & n

revision n

revolution n

reward n

rewind v

rhyme n & v

rice n

rich a

rid(rid,rid

或ridded,ridded) v

riddle n

ridiculous a

ride(rode,ridden) v & n

right n,a & ad

rigid a

ring(rang,rung) v & n

ripe a

ripen v

rise(rose,risen) v

risk n & v

river n

road n

roast v

rob v

robot n

rock n

rocket n

role n

roll v & n

roof n

room n

rooster n

root n

rope n

rose n

rot v

rough a

round ad,prep & a

roundabout a & n

routine n

row n & v

royal a

rubber n

rubbish n

rude a

rugby n

ruin v & n

rule n & v

ruler n

run(ran,run) v

rush v

S

sacred a

sacrifice v

sad a

sadness n

safe a

safety n

sail n & v

sailor n

salad n

salary n

sale n

salesgirl n

salesman/woman

(pl salesmen/women) n

salt n

salty a

salute n & v

same n & a

sand n

sandwich n

satellite n

satisfaction n

satisfy v

saucer n

sausage n

save v

say(said,said) v

saying n

scan v

scar n

scare v

scarf n

scene n

scenery n

sceptical(Am skeptical) a

schedule n & v

scholar n

scholarship n

school n

schoolbag n

schoolboy/girl n

schoolmate n

science n

scientific a

scientist n

scissors n

scold v

score n & v

scratch v & n

scream n

screen n

sculpture n

sea n

seagull n

seal n

search n & v

seashell n

seaside n

season n

seat n

seaweed n

second a & n

secret a & n

secretary n

section n

secure a

security n

see(saw,seen) v

seed n

seek v

seem v

seize v

seldom ad

select v

self n

selfish a

sell(sold,sold) v

semicircle n

seminar n

send(sent,sent) v

senior a & n

sense n

sensitive a

sentence n

separate v & a

separation n

serious a

servant n

serve v

service n

session n

set(set,set) v & n

settle v

settlement n

settler n

several pron & a

severe a

sew(sewed,sewn/sewed) v

sex n

shabby a

shade n

shadow n

shake(shook,shaken) v

shall modal v

shallow a

shame n

shape n & v

share v

shark n

sharp a

sharpen v

sharpener n

shave

(shaved,shaved/shaven) v

shaver n

she pron

sheep(pl sheep) n

sheet n

shelf(pl shelves) n

shelter n

shine(shone,shone) v

ship n & v

shirt n

shock v

shoe n

shoot(shot,shot) v & n

shop v & n

shopkeeper n

shopping n

shore n

short a

shortcoming n

shortly ad

shorts n

shot n

should modal v

shoulder n

shout n & v

show

(showed,shown/showed) v & n

shower n

shrink(shrank,shrunk

或shrunk,shrunken) v

shut(shut,shut) v

shuttle n

shy a

sick a

sickness n

side n

sideroad(Am sidewalk) n

sideways ad

sigh v & n

sight n

sightseeing n

signal n

signature n

significance n

silence n

silent a

silk n

silly a

silver n

similar a

simple a

simplify v

since ad,conj & prep

sincerely ad

sing(sang,sung) v

single a

sink(sank,sunk) v & n

sir n

sister n

sit(sat,sat) v

situation n

size n

skate v

skateboard n

ski n & v

skilful a

skill n

skin n

skip v

skirt n

sky n

skyscraper n

slave n

slavery n

sleep1 n

sleep2(slept,slept) v

sleepy a

sleeve n

slice n

slide n & v

slight a

slim a

slip n

slow ad

small a

smart a

smell(smelt,smelt

或-ed,-ed) v & n

smile n & v

smog n

smoke n & v

smoker n

smooth a

snake n

sneaker n

sneeze v

sniff v

snow n & v

snowy a

so ad & conj

soap n

sob n & v

soccer n

social a

socialism n

socialist a

society n

sock n

socket n

sofa n

soft a

software n

soil n

solar a

soldier n

solid a & n

some a & pron

somebody pron

somehow ad

someone pron

something pron

sometimes ad

somewhere ad

son n

song n

soon ad

sorrow n

sorry a

sort v & n

soul n

sound v & n

soup n

sour a

south a,ad & n

southeast n

southern a

southwest n

souvenir n

sow(sowed,sown/-ed) v

space n

spaceship n

spade n

spare a

sparrow n

speak(spoke,spoken) v

speaker n

spear n

special a

specialist n

specific a

speech n

speed n & v

spell v

spelling n

spend(spent,spent) v

spin v & n

spirit n

spiritual a

spit v

splendid a

split v

spoken a

spokesman/woman

(pl spokesmen/women) n

sponsor n

spoon n

spoonful n

sport n

spot n & v

spray n & v

spread(spread,spread) v

spring n

spy n & v

square n & a

squeeze v

squirrel n

stable a

stadium n

staff n

stage n

stain n

stainless a

stair n

stamp n

stand(stood,stood) v & n

standard n & a

star n

stare v

start v

starvation n

starve v

state n

station n

statement n

statesman/woman

(pl statesmen/women) n

statistics n

statue n

status n

stay n & v

steady a

steak n

steal(stole,stolen) v

steam n

steel n

steep a

step n & v

steward n

stewardess n

stick(stuck,stuck) v & n

still a & ad

stocking n

stomach n

stone n

stop n & v

storage n

store n & v

storm n

story n

stout a

stove n

straight a & ad

straightforward a & adv

strait n

strange a

stranger n

straw n

strawberry n

stream n

street n

strength n

strengthen v

stress n & v

strict a

strike

(struck,struck /stricken) v & n

string n

strong a

struggle v

stubborn a

student n

studio n

study v & n

stupid a

style n

subject n

subjective a

submit v

subscribe v

substitute v

succeed v

success n

successful a

such ad,pron & a

suck v

sudden a

suffer v

suffering n

sugar n

suggest v

suggestion n

suit v & n

suitable a

suitcase n

suite n

summary n

summer n

sun n

sunburnt a

sunlight n

sunny a

sunshine n

super a

superb a

superior a & n

supermarket n

supper n

supply v & n

support v & n

suppose v

supreme a

sure a & ad

surface n

surgeon n

surplus n

surprise v & n

surround v

surrounding a

survive v

survival n

suspect v & n

suspension n

swallow v

swap v

swear(swore,sworn) v

sweat n

sweater n

sweep(swept,swept) v

sweet n & a

swell(swelled,swollen) v

swift a

swim(swam,swum) v

swing v & n

switch v & n

sword n

symbol n

sympathy n

symphony n

symptom n

system n

systematic a

T

table n

table tennis n

tablet n

tail n

tailor n

take(took,taken) v

tale n

talent n

talk n & v

tall a

tank n

tap n

tape n

target n & v

task n

taste n & v

tasteless a

tasty a

tax n

taxi n

taxpayer n

tea n

teach(taught,taught) v

teacher n

team n

teamwork n

teapot n

tear(tore,torn) v & n

tease v

technical a

technique n

technology n

teenager n

telephone n & v

telescope n

television n

tell(told,told) v

temperature n

temple n

temporary a

tend v

tendency n

tennis n

tense a

tension n

tent n

tentative a

term n

terminal a & n

terrible a

terrify v

terror n

test v & n

text n

textbook n

than conj

thank v & n

thankful a

that pron,conj & ad

the art

theatre(Am theater) n

theft n

their pron

theirs pron

them pron

theme n

themselves pron

then ad

theoretical a

theory n

there int,n & ad

therefore ad

thermos n

these a & pron

they pron

thick a

thief(pl thieves) n

thin a

thing n

think(thought,thought) v

thinking n

thirst n

this a & pron

thorough a

those a & pron

though conj

thought n

thread n

thrill n & v

thriller n

throat n

through prep & ad

throughout prep

throw(threw,thrown) v

thunder n & v

thunderstorm n

thus ad

tick v

ticket n

tidy a & v

tie v & n

tiger n

tight a

till conj & prep

time n & v

timetable n

tin n

tiny a

tip n & v

tire v

tired a

tiresome a

tissue n

title n

to prep

toast v & n

tobacco n

today ad & n

together ad

toilet n

tolerate v

tomato n

tomb n

tomorrow ad & n

ton n

tongue n

tonight ad & n

too ad

tool n

tooth(pl teeth) n

toothache n

toothbrush n

toothpaste n

top n

topic n

tortoise n

total a,n & v

touch v

tough a

tour n

tourism n

tourist n

tournament n

toward(s) prep

towel n

tower n

town n

toy n

track n

tractor n

trade n & v

tradition n

traditional a

traffic n

train n & v

training n

tram n

transform v

translate v

translation n

translator n

transparent a

transport n & v

trap n & v

travel n & v

traveller(Am traveler) n

treasure n

treat v

treatment n

tree n

tremble v

trend n

trial n

triangle n

trick n

trip n

trolleybus n

troop n

trouble v & n

troublesome a

trousers n

truck n

true a

truly ad

trunk n

trust v

truth n

try v

T-shirt n

tube n

tune n

turkey n

turn v & n

turning n

tutor n

TV=television n

twice ad

twin n

twist v & n

type v

typewriter n

typical a

typhoon n

typist n

tyre(Am tire) n

U

ugly a

umbrella n

unable a

unbearable a

unbelievable a

uncertain a

uncle n

uncomfortable a

unconditional a

unconscious a

under ad & prep

underground a & n

underline v

understand

(understood,understood) v

undertake

(undertook,undertaken) v

underwear n

unemployment n

unfair a

unfit a

unfortunate a

uniform n

union n

unique a

unit n

unite v

universal a

universe n

university n

unless conj

unlike prep

unrest n

until prep & conj

unusual a

unwilling a

up ad,a,n & prep

update v & n

upon prep

upper a

upset a

upstairs ad

upward(s) ad

urban a

urge v

urgent a

us pron

use n & v

used a

useful a

useless a

user n

usual a

V

vacation n

vacant a

vague a

vain n

valid a

valley n

valuable a

value n

variety n

various a

vase n

vast a

VCD=versatile compact disk n

vegetable n

vehicle n

version n

vertical a

very ad

vest n

via prep

vice n

victim n

victory n

video n

videophone n

view n

village n

villager n

vinegar n

violate v

violence n

violent a

violin n

violinist n

virtue n

virus n

visa n

visit n & v

visitor n

visual a

vital a

vivid a

vocabulary n

voice n

volcano n

volleyball n

voluntary a

volunteer n & v

vote v

voyage n

W

wag v

wage n

waist n

wait v

waiter n

waiting-room n

waitress n

wake(woke,woken) v

walk n & v

wall n

wallet n

walnut n

wander v

want v

war n

ward n

warehouse n

warm a

warmth n

warn v

wash v & n

washroom n

waste n & v

watch v & n

water n & v

watermelon n

wave n & v

wax n

way n

we pron

web n

website n

weak a

weakness n

wealth n

wealthy a

wear(wore,worn) v

weather n

wedding n

weed n

week n

weekday n

weekend n

weekly a

weep v

weigh v

weight n

welcome int,n,v & a

welfare n

well1 n

well2(better,best) ad,a & int

west a,ad & n

western a

westward(s) ad

wet a

whale n

what pron & a

whatever conj & pron

wheat n

wheel n

when conj & ad

whenever conj

where conj & ad

wherever conj

whether conj

which pron & a

whichever pron

while conj & n

whisper v

whistle n

white a & n

who pron

whole a

whom pron

whose pron

why ad & int

wide a

widespread a

widow n

wife n

wild a

wildlife n

will1 n

will2(would) modal v

willing a

win(won,won) v

wind1 n

wind2(wound,wound) v

window n

windy a

wine n

wing n

winner n

winter n

wipe v

wire n

wisdom n

wise a

wish n & v

with prep

withdraw v

within prep

without prep

witness v & n

wolf(pl wolves) n

woman(pl women) n

wonder v & n

wonderful a

wood n

wool n

woollen(Am woolen) a

word n

work n & v

worker n

world n

worldwide a

worm n

worn a

worried a

worry n & v

worth a

worthwhile a

worthy a

would modal v

wound v & n

wrestle v

wrinkle n

wrist n

write(wrote,written) v

wrong a

X

X-ray n

Y

yard n

yawn v

year n

yell v

yellow a & n

yes ad

yesterday n & ad

yet ad

yoghurt n

you pron

young a

your pron

yours pron

yourself(pl yourselves) pron

youth n

yummy a

Z

zebra n

zero n & num

zip v & n

zipper n

zone n

zoo n

zoom v

数词

基数词

序数词

one

1st

first

two

2nd

second

three

3rd

third

four

4th

fourth

five

5th

fifth

68

six

6th

sixth

seven

7th

seventh

eight

8th

eighth

nine

9th

ninth

ten

10th

tenth

eleven

11th

eleventh

twelve

12th

twelfth

thirteen

13th

thirteenth

fourteen

14th

fourteenth

fifteen

15th

fifteenth

sixteen

16th

sixteenth

seventeen

17th

seventeenth

eighteen

18th

eighteenth

nineteen

19th

nineteenth

twenty

20th

twentieth

twenty-one

21st

twenty-first

twenty-two

22nd

twenty-second

twenty-three

23rd

twenty-third

thirty

30th

thirtieth

forty

40th

fortieth

fifty

50th

fiftieth

sixty

60th

sixtieth

seventy

70th

seventieth

eighty

80th

eightieth

ninety

90th

ninetieth

one hundred

100th

one hundredth

one hundred(and) one

101st

one hundred and first

one hundred(and) two

102nd

one hundred and second

three hundred

300th

three hundredth

one thousand

1000th

one thousandth

three thousand

3000th

three thousandth

ten thousand

10000th

ten thousandth

million

1000000th

millionth

billion

1000000000th

billionth

月份

January (Jan.)

February (Feb.)

March (Mar.)

April (Apr.)

May (May)

June (Jun.)

July (Jul.)

August (Aug.)

September (Sept.)

October (Oct.)

November (Nov.)

December (Dec.)

星期

Monday (Mon.)

Tuesday (Tues.)

Wednesday (Wed.)

Thursday (Thurs.)

Friday (Fri.)

Saturday (Sat.)

Sunday (Sun.)

主要国家名称及相关信息

国家

COUNTRY n.

PERSON n.

RELATED

ADJECTIVES

阿富汗

Afghanistan

Afghan

Afghan

阿尔及利亚

Algeria

Algerian

Algerian

阿根廷

Argentina

Argentinian

Argentinian

澳大利亚

Australia

Australian

Australian

奥地利

Austria

Austrian

Austrian

比利时

Belgium

Belgian

Belgian

巴西

Brazil

Brazilian

Brazilian

英国

Britain/U.K. = the United Kingdom

British

British

缅甸

Burma

Burmese

Burmese

加拿大

Canada

Canadian

Canadian

中国

China

Chinese

Chinese

哥伦比亚

Colombia

Colombian

Colombian

古巴

Cuba

Cuban

Cuban

丹麦

Denmark

Dane

Danish

埃及

Egypt

Egyptian

Egyptian

芬兰

Finland

Finn

Finnish

法国

France

French

French

德国

Germany

German

German

希腊

Greece

Greek

Greek

荷兰

Holland/

Netherlands

Dutch

Dutch

匈牙利

Hungary

Hungarian

Hungarian

印度

India

Indian

Indian

印度尼西亚

Indonesia

Indonesian

Indonesian

伊朗

Iran

Iranian

Iranian

伊拉克

Iraq

Iraqi

Iraqi

爱尔兰

Ireland

Irish

Irish

以色列

Israel

Israeli

Israeli

意大利

Italy

Italian

Italian

日本

Japan

Japanese

Japanese

约旦

Jordan

Jordanian

Jordanian

71

肯尼亚

Kenya

Kenyan

Kenyan

朝鲜

D.P.R.Korea

Korean

Korean

科威特

Kuwait

Kuwaiti

Kuwaiti

黎巴嫩

Lebanon

Lebanese

Lebanese

卢森堡

Luxembourg

Luxembourger

Luxembourgish

马来西亚

Malaysia

Malaysian

Malaysian

墨西哥

Mexico

Mexican

Mexican

新西兰

New Zealand

New Zealander

Zelanian

挪威

Norway

Norwegian

Norwegian

巴基斯坦

Pakistan

Pakistani

Pakistani

巴拿马

Panama

Panamanian

Panamanian

菲律宾

Philippines

Filipino

Philippine

波兰

Poland

Polish

Polish

葡萄牙

Portugal

Portuguese

Portuguese

俄罗斯

Russia

Russian

Russian

新加坡

Singapore

Singaporean

Singaporean

南非

South Africa

South African

South African

韩国

South Korea

Korean

Korean

西班牙

Spain

Spanish

Spanish

瑞典

Sweden

Swedish

Swedish

瑞士

Switzerland

Swiss

Swiss

泰国

Thailand

Thai

Thai

土耳其

Turkey

Turk

Turkish

美国

U.S.A.

American

American

越南

Vietnam

Vietnamese

Vietnamese

高中英语如何备考

1.处理好考纲和教材的关系。

建议老师和考生多研读《考试大纲》与《考试说明》,正确把握复习总体方向。高三教学不宜过早进入复习,应充分利用教材,培养和提高学生的综合运用语言能力。有条件的学校要结合本校学情、校情,在完成必修模块1~5、顺序选修模块6~8的教学内容后,继续学习9~11选修模块的教学内容,以增加学生语言输入量,拓宽学生文化视野,也能增加高三教学方式的多样性,提高学生学习兴趣和教学效率。

2.处理好教材与试卷的关系。

教材分狭义和广义两类。狭义的是指课堂上使用的教科书,广义的是指所有用于复习活动的材料,包括纸质和非纸质的。要学会根据复习目标及实际情况,选择适当的内容,也要尽量接触更广的学习内容。

只是简单地使用历年高考试卷和模拟题是跟不上每年高考试题变化的,学生的能力也难以得到综合的发展。

3.处理好综合与碎片的关系。

英语学习是一项综合性的实践活动,综合语言语言能力是在实践中逐渐发展起来的。高考试卷中每一道题的背后都需要综合的能力,如阅读理解,需要文化背景、语篇知识、语用知识、词汇、语法,需要思维能力、逻辑能力、阅读技巧和策略,甚至需要语音知识和听力,因为人在阅读时,很多情况下会在大脑里把形码转换为音码,再转化为义码。所以把各类语言知识和各种语言技能割裂开来,只进行碎片化的专项训练是不可取的。

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